Regulation and labelling

The European Union regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91 of the European Council of 24 June 1991 on organic production of agricultural products and indications referring thereto on agricultural products and foodstuffs (EU-Eco-regulation) defines how agricultural products and foods that are designated as ecological products have to be grown. The regulation is derived from the guidelines of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), which is an association of about 800 member organizations in 119 countries. Regulation No. 834/2007 replaced the earlier 2092/91 regulation, regulation No. 889/2008 supplements the breeding of animal species and regulation No. 1235/2008 regulates the import of ecologically grown agricultural products from third countries.

On July 1, 2010, the EU introduced a new green organic logo. The regulation states that the term biological or ecological may be used on products in the EU if the product consists of at least 95% ingredients from EU regulated organic food.

According to Nature & Progrès, the European Union's organic farming regulation is market-oriented, and therefore does not constitute a recognition of organic farming, taken in its global dimension.